In many places where forest carbon projects are implemented, traditional forest use has been blamed for forest loss while the drivers of large-scale deforestation remain unaddressed – and deforestation and the emissions associated with it continue.
This article explores some of the controversies that arise when conservation groups or specialist companies, often supported by international agencies like the World Bank, arrive with their forest carbon pilot initiatives. Two early forest carbon offset projects in Brazil, the Guaraqueçaba Climate Action Project in the coastal Mata Atlntica biome of Paraná and the Monte Pascoal – Pau-Brasil Ecological Corridor: Carbon, Community and Biodiversity Initiative in the Mata Atlntica biome of the far south of Bahia left mainly broken promises.
1 REDD in Brazil: an introdction 7
1.1 Forests in the UN climate talks 8
1.2 REDD in Brazil 11
2 Two case studies:
Forgotten failures with consequences that still affect communities 17
2.1 The Guaraqueçaba Climate Action Project: “Suffering here to help them over there” 18
2.2 The Monte Pascoal-Pau Brasil Ecological Corridor: Carbon, Community and Biodiversity Initiative 35
3 Conclusion: What are the lessons from these two REDD failures? 50